The Feast of the Holy Trinity is a Christian feast, the celebration of the thrice-holy God - in the person of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit - being found as much among Catholics as among Orthodox or Anglicans.
The date, however, differs: Catholics celebrate the Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity, on the Sunday after Pentecost (8th Sunday after Easter), the Orthodox celebrate the Holy Trinity at the time of Pentecost. Discover the origin, liturgy and prayers associated with this feast!
Three - One: Three in one!
This mystery of one God composed of three distinct persons is at the heart of the faith of Christians. God is love, so God is relationships. It is through this communion of love that we can understand how God, who reveals himself in three faces: that of the Father, that of the Son and that of the Holy Spirit - remains unique.
Christians confess their faith in this three-part God in the prayer of the Apostles’ Creed:
"I believe in one God, the almighty Father, creator of heaven and earth, of the visible and invisible universe,
I believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only son of God, born of the Father before all ages (...)
I believe in the Holy Spirit, who is Lord and gives life; he proceeds from the Father and the Son."
The sign of the Cross, made in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, also recalls the divine Trinity.
The feast of the Holy Trinity was instituted by decree under John XXII, but celebrating the Holy Trinity (although it is already present and invoked continuously in celebrations) was already widespread in different countries in Europe from the 10th century.
According to the liturgical years, the texts read on this day of the Holy Trinity change. But among those that can be heard certain years is:
The blessing of Saint Paul in his second letter to the Corinthians: “Finally, brothers and sisters, rejoice! Strive for full restoration, encourage one another, be of one mind, live in peace. And the God of love and peace will be with you. Greet one another with a holy kiss. All God’s people here send their greetings. May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.” (2 Corinthians 13:11-13)
An excerpt from Saint Paul's letter to the Romans: " For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God. The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.” The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory." (Romans 8:14-17)
Jesus' mention of baptism in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of Saint Matthew: “Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:16-20)
"(...) The God in whom we believe is not just any God. It is the God of love who reveals himself and manifests himself in his relationship between the Father and the Son, a relationship so intense that it itself constitutes a Person, and it is with this communion of the Father, the Son and the Spirit that we are associated by baptism, when the Holy Spirit makes us children of God. The Trinity is not just a story that takes place in heaven, without our being interested. The Trinity is part of our human existence and transforms our human existence. By participating in the Trinitarian life through baptism, we in turn become beings of relationship, beings who cannot reach the fullness of their possibilities if they do not enter into a communion of love with the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit and if this communion of love does not spread and become concrete in our way of being with others. This is why Jesus tells us that the great commandment is to love God with all one's heart, strength and mind, and to love one's neighbor as oneself. For it is the same love, as the Pope reminded us recently in his encyclical, it is the same love that inhabits the relationships of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit and that is poured into our hearts by faith to make us witnesses not of tolerance, not of benevolence, not of philanthropy but to make us witnesses of divine Love in human existence. We are sent to love in the way God loves: “ Love one another as I have loved you. ”
"Father of Jesus
Love your Son Jesus for me,
make us partakers of the love you have for him. Jesus, Son of
God, may my soul rejoice to see the love and infinite glory you receive
from your Father and your Holy Spirit. Spirit of Jesus,
Who is all love and all charity
Love the Father and Jesus for me,
Transform my heart into love for them. O eternal Father, O only-begotten Son of God, O Holy Spirit of the Father and of the Son, come into me, come into my heart, separate me from all that is not you, draw me to you, live and reign in me and make all my being, all my life totally consecrated to your pure glory.”
“I adore thee, O our heavenly Father, for thou hast deposited thy Only-begotten Son in his most pure bosom. I adore you, O Son of God, for you have deigned to enter Mary's womb and have truly and truly become her Son. I adore you, O Holy Spirit, for you have deigned to form in her immaculate womb the body of the Son of God. I adore you, O Most Holy Trinity, O One God in the Holy Trinity, for having elevated the Immaculate in such a divine way. And I will never cease, every day, barely awake from my sleep, to adore You very humbly, O Triune God, with my face to the ground, repeating three times: Glory to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit, as He was in the beginning, now and always, in the ages of ages. Amen.”
(Find out more about Saint Maximilian Kolbe)
To pray and enter even more into this mystery of love that is the Trinity, pray to the Holy Trinity on the occasion of its feast or at any other time of the year! You will find different offers on Hozana, including: