Parables are frequently used in the Holy Bible. There are around 50 parables in the New Testament. Jesus often used these types of instructional stories to preach to the crowds, notably in the Gospels of Matthew, Luke and Mark. What is a parable, and why did Jesus use them to communicate His message to us?
A parable is a story meant to teach and present the truths of the Kingdom of Heaven using many exemples and observations from daily life. This is why Jesus generally began his parables with: “The kingdom of heaven is like...”. He covered many topics, from agriculture to the relationship between masters and servants, images to which everyone can relate, to explain the spiritual truths of the Lord.
Jesus Christ never clearly explained what He meant with most parables, as it is written: “This is why I speak to them in parables: ‘Though seeing, they do not see; though hearing, they do not hear or understand.’” (Matthew 13:13). These stories might sound very simple at first, and they are meant to speak to our heart rather than our minds.
“I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this is what you were pleased to do.” (Luke 10:21).
To understand the parables of Jesus, one must need to keep a simple and open heart; the Holy Spirit can help us, because, as Jesus said: “But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” (John 14: 26).